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Horticultural trade vs horticulture workers

Horticultural trade vs horticulture workers



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Horticultural trade vs horticulture workers

The definition of horticultural trade is the provision of goods and services directly relating to the care and cultivation of ornamental plants and other horticultural matter. They may include nurseries, garden centers, landscapers, and the like. There are approximately 2.3 million horticultural workers in the United States, many of whom have recently made the transition to full-time jobs from their previous employment in the field. Unlike the profession of horticulture, the exact numbers of how many employees are employed in the horticultural trade are difficult to determine, however the most recent estimate is that horticulture is one of the 10 largest industries in the United States. The United States Department of Labor and Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that the horticultural trade industry, which is the combination of landscaping and nursery workers, and the retail sale of products and supplies associated with horticulture has nearly 2.3 million jobs. The Bureau of Labor Statistics is not able to determine the exact number of horticulture workers, however, it estimates there are over 500,000 workers that are either self-employed or work part-time in the horticultural industry. According to the U.S. Department of Labor, there are over 1.2 million workers in the garden center industry, 1.3 million in the landscaping industry, and between 4.5 million and 8.4 million workers in the retail industry.

Since the early 1990s, many states have enacted programs designed to increase the wages, benefits, and security of workers employed in horticulture. These programs have been very successful in that they have led to increases in employment and have encouraged many horticulture workers to leave their field positions to start their own businesses.

opvoeding en opleiding

There is a general trend towards more training for those entering the horticulture industry. According to the Federal Horticulture Research and Extension Act, it is recommended that most individuals entering the horticulture field gain a minimum of a high school diploma and some sort of certification to be successful. The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) also recommends that at least one year of college or training be completed before being offered a horticulture job. Many people choose to pursue further education after they have entered the horticulture industry. In 2009, for example, more than 50 percent of the workers in the landscaping trade and more than 85 percent of nursery workers were college graduates.

Labor and health

A large portion of the workforce is involved in seasonal employment. This may be due to some employees switching jobs every other month, or an occasional full-time job. In general, there is a strong correlation between time worked in the horticulture industry and health. Studies have shown that seasonal horticulture workers are more likely to develop chronic illnesses, particularly respiratory problems, that are consistent with those found in tobacco farmers. Additionally, a 2007 study in The Journal of American Medicine shows that there is a high rate of suicide among seasonal and migrant workers. The study states that "migrant and seasonal workers have the highest rate of suicide in the US and are among the highest in the world". Many in the horticulture industry are exposed to pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, and other chemicals that are toxic to human beings. While all employers are obligated by law to provide a safe work environment, the use of toxic chemicals on a large scale may cause long-term health problems.

Some employees take their own health into their own hands. A 2003 study conducted by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) found that many workers are underreporting their illnesses and injuries to avoid wage penalties. According to the OSHA study, the median annual earnings of landscaping workers and nursery workers were lower than the median annual earnings of all workers in the U.S. In addition, the OSHA study found that the median hourly earnings were approximately $11.80 for landscaping workers and $12.45 for nursery workers.

Organization

The industry is traditionally split into three main groups: landscape maintenance, nursery and landscape garden services. These groups are split in terms of clientele: landscape maintenance is often performed for commercial businesses, while nursery and garden services are frequently performed for residential customers.Daar is oorvleueling tussen die drie groepe, maar daar is verskille in hoe die drie soorte kliënte bedien word en in die manier waarop die drie groepe met mekaar verband hou.

In die vroeë 20ste eeu is landskapinstandhouding dikwels uitgevoer deur eienaars en bestuurders van tuine en landskappe, waarvan baie 'n sterk besigheid, artistieke en sosiale belangstelling in die gebied van landskap en tuinbou gehad het. Landskap en tuinboukundiges het dikwels as 'n span saamgewerk, aangesien daar nog nie 'n duidelike verdeling tussen die rolle en verantwoordelikhede van professionele persone in die tuinboubedryf was nie. Dit het in die 1970's verander toe die bedryf begin professionaliseer. Soos die bedryf professionaliseer, was daar beduidende veranderinge in die soorte werkers wat landskappersoneel in diens geneem het. Baie landskapspersoneel het verkies om werkers te huur op grond van hul vorige werkervaring, terwyl daar minder klem op onderwys in die bedryf was. Baie landskapinstandhoudingswerkers is ook bekwame vakmanne wat 'n bestaan ​​maak van landskapinstandhoudingswerk en wat hoofsaaklik as onafhanklike kontrakteurs vir landskappersoneel werk. Landskapspersoneel is geneig om werkers te huur wat vaardig is in die instandhouding van landskap omdat hulle hul eie toerusting voorsien, terwyl hierdie werkers ook hul eie gereedskap en materiale bied.

Kwekerydienste word gewoonlik uitgevoer vir kommersiële sake- en kommersiële kliënte, soos winkelsentrums, hotelle, kantoorgeboue en kondome. Kwekerydienste word ook uitgevoer vir kliënte wat meer belangstel in spesifieke plante en plante in blombeddings, as in landskapinstandhouding, soos residensiële kliënte. Dit is algemeen dat hierdie ondernemings spesialiseer in die verskillende soorte blomme wat verkoop word. Daarbenewens benodig die bedryf sommige werkers wat gespesialiseerd is in die verskillende soorte plantlewe, soos naaldbande of struike. Die bedryf bied 'n wye verskeidenheid werksgeleenthede vir werkers in die kwekery, soos in aanplanting, onderhoud en snoei.

Werksvooruitsigte

Die algehele vooruitsigte vir werkers vir landskapinhoud is uitstekend. Volgens die Amerikaanse Buro vir Arbeidsstatistieke sal daar in 2018 1.550.500 landskapinstandhoudingswerkers in die VSA werksaam wees. In dieselfde tydperk sal die groei in die indiensneming vir landskapinstandhoudingswerkers die sterkste wees van enige ander beroep in die bedryf. Werksgroei op hierdie gebied sal vanaf 2014 tot 2018 met ongeveer 14% toeneem. Die vraag na landskapinstandhouding sal egter na verwagting baie vinniger toeneem as die groei in indiensneming. Dit is omdat die totale aantal mense wat in die VSA werk het, na verwagting oor die volgende dekade sal daal. Meer mense sal egter op soek wees na werk op hierdie gebied, dan is daar werk beskikbaar om te vul. Daarom sal die beskikbaarheid van poste op hierdie gebied relatief hoog bly.

Salaris

Volgens die Amerikaanse Buro vir Arbeidsstatistieke kan landskapinstandhoudingswerkers gemiddeld ongeveer $ 20 per uur verdien, en ongeveer $ 25.100 per jaar. Soos verwag kan word met enige ander loopbaan in die veld, wissel die salaris vir landskapinstandhoudingswerkers baie volgens die gebied. Alhoewel die gemiddelde loon in sekere gebiede baie hoër is, kan dit in sekere state buitengewoon laag wees. Daarbenewens is dit moeilik om die taak van landskapinstandhouding te kry. Daarom is daar miskien geen goeie werksgeleenthede in die veld vir mense wat in landelike gebiede woon nie. Vir diegene wat woon in gebiede wat baie werksgeleenthede in die bedryf bied, sal daar baie werkgeleenthede wees.

Opleiding

Vir mense wat landskapinstandhoudingswerkers wil word, is daar 'n verskeidenheid opleidingsprogramme beskikbaar. Tipies het die meeste kwekerye 'n geassosieerde graad of 'n sertifikaat nodig. Dit is een manier vir nuwe werknemers