How to transplant garden flowers

How to transplant garden flowers

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How to transplant garden flowers

The following is a tutorial to help you learn how to transplant garden flowers (Grow your own or start some flowers from seed).


The goal is to get an established plant into your garden (as opposed to giving it away in a starter pot or cutting it and bringing it home) so that you have a "nicely" established plant that will grow well.

Transplanting means essentially removing a plant from its pot (or more specifically, transplanting the plant from a pot into a hole of suitable depth in the soil) and immediately potting it somewhere else so that it can have a chance to become established. It is done at a time when the plant is not wilted, and the roots are healthy enough that it can handle it.

By transplanting the plant you take control of its environment, and most importantly you're also taking control of its food supply. This is important because if you have all of your food right where the plant was planted, the plant can grow very quickly and can over-run your available space. If you put the plant in a new pot with new soil, the plant will have access to an increased supply of food, and is less likely to grow as fast as if it had no food.

Note that if you transplant any plant without regard to how it will do, you will almost certainly transplant it too soon, and that you will likely have some failures. Of course, if you have too many plants, and you know that they will all fail, then you may decide that it is cheaper to just get rid of them.

A note about planting in pots

If you want to get your plants into pots, or if you want to start plants from seed, be aware that you may have to start all of your seeds in flats or trays of soil in pots. This is because seedlings need a stable environment to start growing, and the best place to start them is with soil they can use as a "blank slate" to become what they are meant to be.

If you plan to do this, you will need a tray of soil, and will have to begin with that. After you've planted your seeds, you will need to carefully watch them to be sure they don't grow too fast. If you wait too long, the roots will start growing into the soil in the pots (that are going to be changed), and they'll get tangled in the plant, which will result in a death if it doesn't receive the new soil with them.

Transplanting your seedlings

The main thing to remember is that once you have your seedling in a pot, and the pot is out in the garden, the soil surrounding the seedling is not likely to be the same. The soil will have changed and the plant will likely have a good chance to take off and be a part of its new environment.

Since the plant will be in a pot, that means you will need to change out its pot as soon as possible (not a few days or weeks later, but right after you transplant it). I'm going to assume you have some experience with pruning roses, but you may not have. To help you, I'm going to give some tips for pruning roses. If you can't prune roses, then you should get a good pruning book and learn how to do it properly. (See Resources.)

Properly pruning roses

Most importantly, you need to understand when to prune and how to prune properly. Here are the tips I recommend:

In the spring, when the plant is in a happy flower, you want to prune in the winter before you get ready to plant in the spring. For a three tiered rose, prune off the lower-most set of branches. You can do that by simply pinching the lower-most four or five branches back, being careful not to cut into any of the main stem, or you can cut them back a couple inches.

You don't want to be cutting all the way down to the roots, because if you are cutting the stem just a bit higher, you can encourage new growth to begin. Just a little tug or pressure on the branch will cause new growth to begin, and you don't want to miss that.

For a two tiered rose, you want to leave the plant at least two or three feet tall, and you can prune back the top two tiers to a similar height. You can leave two or three branches at the top, or you can leave all of the branches. This way, when the plant is happy, there is plenty of flowers for you to pick.

For a one tiered rose, you want to cut the branches back a bit. Again, you don't want to cut right down to the roots, and you can leave two or three.

The goal of your pruning is not to cut off the roots, but to encourage the plant to begin new growth. If you've been pruning correctly, you should be able to keep the plant healthy without cutting back to the roots. In some cases, you may have to get down to the roots in order to keep the plant healthy. I'll talk about that below.

Om nuwe groei aan te moedig, moenie senuweeagtig raak as jy aan die einde van 'n stam kom nie. Selfs as jy sny, kan jy die pruimedant maklik in die stam steek en nuwe groei kry om te kom.

As jou plant in 'n een- of twee-laagroos is, moet jy dit in 'n maand of twee snoei en pot nadat jy dit in 'n gat oorgeplant het. Die plant behoort teen daardie tyd reeds 'n paar wortels te hê, en jy hoef nie te veel bekommerd te wees dat die wortels nie genoeg spasie kry om aan te hou groei nie. In die meeste gevalle hoef jy nie die plant te snoei voordat dit in sy nuwe pot kom nie.

Snoei die stam 'n bietjie terug. Snoei sommige takke van die stam af en sny die hoofstam effens terug. Plant dan eenvoudig die roos in die pot, en voeg 'n bietjie grond by. Sit dan 'n bietjie kunsmis op die grond, en water, en laat dit alleen vir